History of the Trentino

A journey across a thousand years of history of the Trentino.

Since the Middle Ages, the history of the Trentino has been closely intertwined with the history of Tyrol. The surroundings of the city of Trento, in those days, were part of the prince-bishopric of the Trentino, which enjoyed a special autonomy in the Roman imperium of German nation. The bishopric was soon protected by the Counts of Tyrol, whose impact on the area increased more and more, which generated tensions with the bishops.

In the 15th century troups of the Republic of Venice entered parts of the Trentino, but were stopped in the battle of Calliano. In the 19th century, after the end of the empire of Napoleon, the region of the Trentino became part of the county of Tyrol in Austria and mainly lost its autonomy.

Also for this reason the movement of the irredentists used to be very popular, who were in favour of the Italian empire.

WWI led to dramatic position welfare in the Dolomites, many inhabitants of the Trentino were deported to Austria. The Treaty of Versailles pinned down the annexation of the Trentino, together with the mainly German-speaking South Tyrol, to Italy. Since 1948 the Province of Trento, as part of the region Trentino-South Tyrol, enjoyed a particular autonomy, since 1972 a second autonomy statute with comprehensive self-administration permissions has been in force.

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