storia del trentino
storia del trentino

History of the Trentino

An overview of a thousand years of Trentino history

Since the Middle Ages, the history of the Trentino has been closely intertwined with the history of Tyrol. The surroundings of the town of Trento, in those days, were part of the prince-bishopric of the Trentino, which enjoyed a special autonomy in the Roman imperium of German nation. The bishopric was soon protected by the Counts of Tyrol, whose impact on the area increased more and more, what generated tensions with the bishops.

In the 15th century troops of the Republic of Venice entered parts of the Trentino, but were stopped in the battle of Calliano. In the 19th century, after the end of the empire of Napoleon, the region of the Trentino became part of the county of Tyrol in Austria and mainly lost its autonomy. The resulting dissatisfaction led to the emergence of the irredentist movement.

WWI led to dramatic position welfare in the Dolomites, many inhabitants of the Trentino were evacuated, mainly to Austria, Bohemia and Moravia. The Treaty of Versailles pinned down the annexation of the Trentino, together with the mainly German-speaking South Tyrol, to Italy. Since 1948 the Province of Trento, as part of the region Trentino-South Tyrol, enjoyed a particular autonomy, since 1972 a second autonomy statute with comprehensive self-administration permissions has been in force.

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